David M. Williams


Safety Net Consulting, Inc









This booklet is published and distributed exclusively by:


            Safety Net Consulting, Inc.


            1310 North Great Neck Road


            Suite 1272-330


            Virginia Beach, VA 23454-2268


Copyright © 2008 by David M. Williams





All rights reserved.  Published in the United States by Safety Net Consulting, Inc.  Except for the usual review purposes, no part of this work may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, or mechanical, including photocopy, fax, recording, or any informational retrieval system without the written permission of the publisher.




For more information on the material contained in this publication or for additional copies, please contact:


            David M. Williams


            President, Safety Net Consulting


            Virginia Beach, VA 23451


            (757) 619-7049 Cell

            (757) 477-0477 Office


















The statements, recommendations, and procedures provided by this planning document are those of  Safety Net Consulting, Incorporated and do not necessarily reflect all available options for planning and mitigating personal loss or injuries associated with natural or man-made disasters. The material presented in this document reflects multiple accredited sources and the accumulated best practices and lessons learned of those involved in disaster planning, mitigation and recovery.  Any person using this document must use reasonable common sense and their prudent judgment to limit, reduce, or prevent personal injury or property loss in the case of any natural or man-made disaster.  Such individual decisions and actions must be based on current and forecasted conditions and choosing the safest course of action for all those involved.  No warranties or guarantees are provided given the extensive and dynamic variables involved in natural weather phenomena or made-made events.  The opinions, practices, and procedures included in this publication either expressed or implied are provided as a reasonable course of action which will significantly improve, if followed, the safety margins for you, your family members and neighbors.  Prior planning will provide you with both options to follow and sufficient time to prepare.  If no or inadequate planning is completed prior to the onset of natural or man-made forces, your options and successful outcome will be limited or jeopardized.


















 Hurricanes Katrina, Rita, and Isabel have forced us to realistically review and update our concepts of adequate disaster planning.  Specifically, hurricane Katrina demonstrated the tragic results of major planning, mitigation, and recovery shortfalls at all levels (Federal, state, city, individual).  This updated disaster preparation, planning and recovery guide has been compiled from multiple sources and combines the best information and opinions available at this time.  Some information is significantly different from previous plans, and may even differ from currently published hurricane plans.  This plan has been extensively researched and reflects many of the lessons learned from hurricanes Katrina, Andrew, Isabel, and Rita.

Subject experts vary in opinions on some of the key elements enclosed in this plan; therefore the reader of this plan will have to use his or her best judgment in the preparation and execution of this plan. This update is intended to address those shortfalls and give our community residents relevant information, and tools to better plan for, and recover from a natural or man-made significant event affecting this area. 

 Use your best judgment to tailor this plan to best suite your particular needs and abilities. Use your time effectively as available preparation time will soon compress in the face of the oncoming storm while supplies and transportation restrictions will further complicate readiness and recovery

 Given the probability of a hurricane or other significant event hitting this community, it would be reasonable to plan for considerable property damage, threat to life, and an extended recovery of weeks, not days.  This basic planning tool can not be totally comprehensive as it would be too voluminous to be readable, but by using the “Community Plan” as a guide, with available resident resources and knowledge, a synergy will result which will limit the storm’s damage and personal impact.







Concept of Operations for Residents and Civic Association.


Civic Associations and its residents will be able to review and act upon this Community Plan.   The Executive Association Board should develop subcommittees to gather relevant information, research, plan, and implement the “Community Plan”.    It is hoped that through a combined civic effort, many neighbors will be able to capitalize on their individual talents and experiences and thereby help their fellow neighbors. Obviously, combined and coordinated efforts will be more effective than individual uncoordinated efforts.


Civic Association Executive Board and Subcommittees

To adequately prepare for a natural or man-made event requires prior coordination and planning among your community’s following committees:

1.      Administration                  Resident directory, skills, manpower coordination

2.      Communications               Information to/from City and within community

3.      Security/Access                 Verify and control access in /out of  community

4.      Engineering/Sanitation      Electrical, water, gas, debris collection/control

5.      Rescue and Recovery       Coordinate search,  rescue, and recovery

6.      Medical/First Aid              Coordinate and assist as required

7.      Neighbor assistance          Assist seniors, boat securing, special needs

            8.   Safety                                Locate and identify hazards

            9.   Supply/logistics                 Coordinate, control and distribute resources


Table of Contents                                                                                          Page


            Preface                                                                                                            4

Civic Association Executive Board and Subcommittees                   5

            Table of Contents                                                                               6

Why Long Term Planning and Preparation                                        7

Decisions and Documentation                                                           7-9

Pre-storm Supplies Assessment                                                          9

Garage Door Reinforcement and Window/Door Protection              10

Emergency Supplies and Lists                                                            10-13

Access/Entry Control/Security/Weapons                                            13

Shelters and Regulations                                                                    14

Advanced Hurricane Preparations                                                      15-16

Hurricane Warning Stages and Preparations                                      17-20

IF Evacuating                                                                                     19

Storm Day                                                                                           20

Post storm                                                                                           21

Dangers after storm                                                                            22

Hurricane Supply Lists                                                                       23-26


WHY Long Term  Planning and Preparation


Preparation Overview and Planning

You will have basically four options when confronted with an approaching storm; leave quickly, shelter in place, go to an area shelter, or be forced to take refuge of last resort.  Your planning or lack of planning will bring you to one of these actions.


To Leave or Not Leave Decision .  IT IS ALWAYS SAFER TO LEAVE AN AREA WELL BEFORE A HURRICANE HITS THAN TO WAIT TO SEE IF IT WILL HIT. Although track and intensity forecasting has significantly improved within this decade, it is still “a best guess” because of all the weather variables that combine to make the storm’s outcome.  Current hurricane track and intensity estimate accuracy is:

            Intensity                     +/- 1 category @ 24 hours

            Track                          +/- 140 miles @ 48 hours

            Strike probability      +/- 75 miles @ 72 hours

            Strike Probability      50% @ 24 hours before

                        Ref:     National Hurricane Center

Note:  You must accept the uncertainty of a hurricane impacting you. If you wait until it is certain that you will be impacted, it will be too late to leave due to gridlocked evacuation routes.  If your home has not been prepared, available supplies of food, fuel, and plywood will be exhausted.  Your options will be limited.


             It is dangerous to make your personal decisions based upon the accuracy of what is forecasted for a storm’s track, or intensity.  The time remaining before the storm hits, the amount of time available to prepare and then to evacuate the area and the amount of rain preceding the storm will all impact your ability to leave the area.  If forecasts are inaccurate, you could find yourself in the middle of the storm’s flood and furry being unable to leave the area. This could be a potentially fatal error.  Leaving the area early is always the safest option.  Homes can be rebuilt.


            Most of the coastal regions of the U.S. will be impacted by even a tropical storm that was once a hurricane.  Hurricane Isabel (Sept 2003) came ashore in N.C. as a category 2, but lost intensity and impacted the Virginia coastline as a tropical storm with winds of 74 mph or less, but brought considerable rain for an extended period to much of the state.  Isabel, though not a hurricane did $1.9B damage, left 1.8 million customers without electricity for more than a day, and left 50% of the VA population without water due to those power failures.  Do not believe that something less than a hurricane will not hurt you and damage your property. A category 2 hurricane (winds 96-100 MPH, 6-8’ storm surge) is capable of considerable more damage than a category 1 hurricane.  Significant damage and personal danger will occur in a Category 3 (111-130 MPH, 9-12’ storm surge).  Dangerous flooding can occur along shore evacuation routes because of poor drainage and the rains that precede a hurricane.  Attempting to drive through standing water at the level of the car’s bumper can totally disable your vehicle and destroy your engine. Once your vehicle has been disabled, your escape becomes significantly more complicated.  City officials may order an evacuation of threatened areas in a category 2 storm, BUT this warning may be ill-timed and arrive too late to effect a safe evacuation from your area.


Warning.  Due to the population densities and road capacity in many surrounding areas, evacuation by road may be significantly impaired as much as 48 hours BEFORE the onset of TROPICAL FORCE WINDS (39 MPH) WHICH WILL PRECEED the HURRICANE FORCE WINDS (75 MPH).  Depending on the width of the hurricane, TFW may extend 150+ miles in front of Hurricane Force winds


Decide and act early.


Documentation.  Your insurance company expects the homeowner to make prudent and reasonable preparations to limit storm damage to your property.  Retain all sales receipts for storm supplies purchased.  Develop a QUICK PULL file system using specially LABELED (mark with color dot/highlighter, etc.) file system for quick and easy recognition of all critical record files in case you are forced to evacuate quickly. Protect documentation with labeled zip-style plastic bags appropriately marked with a water-proof marker.  Document your preparations if time permits.


Visual Records.  Take digital pictures (USAA recommends pictures instead of video), or TAKE BOTH. Documentation of all interior rooms showing flooring, carpeting, furniture, walls and ceilings (grade of construction, ceiling fans, etc. and show all exterior views of your property.  Show clear areas around your house with trees trimmed back and dead limbs removed to limit possible contact with your house.  A branch contacting roof shingles can quickly wear away your shingles and expose under-roof.  Make copies of your photos on CD’s, videos or pictures and send/email them to friend/family out of the area and your insurance company.


Insurance Coverage.  Review and document your property coverage and Flood Damage coverage.  Keep all insurance paperwork together and specially LABELED (mark with color dot/highlighter, etc. for quick and easy recognition (Quick Pull System).


Pre-storm Supplies Assessment.  Protecting your house against wind and water damage requires a comprehensive effort and is costly.  These are basic guidelines, but you want to protect your windows/sliding doors from blown objects WHILE ALLOWING FOR PRESSURE EQUALIZATION within your house as the wind changes direction as the storm passes.  If your house is sealed tightly to prevent water from entering, the pressurization difference between the inside and outside can literally blow the roof off. Plan to cover your windows, storm doors, and attic/eve windows with plywood (CDX 5/8-3/4 inch). For brick veneer homes, attach plywood using concrete anchor screws (TAPCON brand 3/16” x 1-1/2” with metal washers). Drill a couple of holes (door knob hole size or so) in plywood to allow air flow and light in.  Holes will also allow the downwind side windows to be opened slightly to permit pressure equalization.  Paint both sides of plywood with a white paint (helps reflect interior and exterior light) protects plywood, keeps it from warping and allows easier storage.  (See Miami Dade County Hurricane Preparation web site for info)


Reinforce Garage Door.  Previous hurricane damage has shown that 80% of the homes that were lost when the garage door was blown in or pulled out.  Once the garage door was lost, a funnel effect would result blowing the roof off above the garage until the entire structure would be compromised.  Although reinforcing the garage door presents its own engineering challenges, the door must be reinforced.   One method is to use (2) metal 4”x4” brackets (i.e., Simpson Strong-Tie type/ for a garage door.  A hole is drilled into driveway for the strong tie and a lag bolt secures the metal plate to the driveway.  Then a 4 x 4 or (2) 2x4’s of sufficient length to go to the header that will allow for another strong tie or bracket with a bolt or screw is used.  See the following sites for information and demonstration video:

Your car can also be positioned in the garage and 2x4’s placed between the tires and door to prevent the door from being blown in.  Both blow in and out should be prevented.


Note: Emergency Supplies and Lists.  As part of your preparation at the beginning of the hurricane season, look at what you have accumulated previously.  You should view your supplies in THREE LEVELS:

Life Critical items (food, water, medicine, gasoline if evacuating, tire repair bottles, flashlight, batteries, battery powered radio, etc.)

Important items (shelter, clothing, hygiene items, important papers, documentation, social security card, passport, money, flashlights, batteries, etc.)

Comfort items (insect repellant, bug spray, chairs, cards, stove, metal coffee pot, ground pad, tent, etc.)

If evacuating, you would place the Life Critical items in your car first, then many important items as space would provide, and then if there was space available, some comfort items.


Your vehicle will probably not be able to carry all that you would like to carry, so you will have to prioritize your loading sequence.


Storage.   Being able to protect and quickly locate your supplies is important.  Buy sufficient plastic containers of different sizes to meet your requirements.  Large plastic trash bags and duct tape can be useful.  Use waterproof markers to label containers.  Buy sufficient plastic bags to dispose of refuse/waste.  Provide for a means for collecting, and storing drinking and non-potable water.  Plan on 1 gallon of drinking water storage per day per person. Bottled water will quickly sell out. Do not use plastic milk bottles to store water as these bottles are almost impossible to clean adequately. Without electric power, city water will be unavailable.  Without water, toilets will not flush nor will area sewage pump stations work.  Ground water will soon become contaminated.


Food and Water.  Plan on at least a two weeks supply of canned or packaged foods for each person.  This may seem excessive, but you might have to share your supplies with those who did not adequately plan.  This food does not have to be everyday affair quality, but whatever will satisfy requirements.  Do not plan on heating foods as this may not be an option.  There are many hand operated water pump/filters available at sporting goods stores that will significantly ease water procurement and storage requirements, and protect you against waterborne diseases.  Suitable hand operated water pump units range in price from $60-$200 and provide up to13,000 gallons of filtered water (eliminates sewage bacteria, gardia and crypto etc., NOT Salt). (see  Note: these hand pump units do not remove the salt from salt water, but units are available that can produce drinkable water from sea water, but they are expensive and require an electrical power source.


Medicines/ Health Needs/Inoculations. Access your prescription needs and special health requirements.  Do your prescriptions need refrigeration or have a short shelf life?  Ensure inoculations are up to date, especially tetanus shots as puncture wounds are common in the storm’s aftermath.  Also, “third world” shots such as cholera, mumps, and measles are important.  Consider hepatitis A, B, C shots.


Electrical Backup/Equipment.  Portable generators can provide electricity in a power failure, but have many limitations and precautions must be used for safe operation.  Proper electrical extension chords of sufficient gauge are critical to prevent electrical fires. Check your Emergency Generator Owner’s Manual for requirements.    Gas consumption (approximately ½ gallon per hour) plus storage and fuel supply are issues. Most cars and boats with internal fuel tanks have “anti-siphon” devices installed in the filler neck which make fuel siphoning problematic. Fuel can be removed from cars or boats but destroying a $500 gas tank to get $80 worth of gas may not be cost effective.   A good source for backup electrical power for car-type radios/plug in cigarette lighter (12volt DC) is the deep-cycle battery in your boat or car if it is charged and removed prior to storm. Various size inverters can be purchased which will convert DC battery power to AC power to run small appliances.  With some engineering, wires and a switch, a battery could be rigged to provide a power source for low-draw lights (auto low wattage or LED type (available at a trailer/RV)


Tools. Hand tools and battery powered tools can help make quick repair when the power is off.  Keep them accessible and charged inside the house with you.  Have a supply of double headed nails, drywall screws, plastic tarps, and strips of wood for reinforcement for quick repairs.  Repairing damaged windows with plywood from the outside against the wind is very dangerous, if not impossible.  Do not leave your emergency tools, generator, and gas supply in your shed, which would probably be destroyed by sufficient winds.  Bring your emergency supplies and tools inside your structure which will offer better protection than your shed.  Wrap your electric tools in plastic covering to prevent water damage.  Take precautions with combustibles.


Communications. Develop some means to communicate with family members and neighbors, cell phone, walkie-talkie, CB, or VHF marine.  Be aware that most cell towers do not have emergency power, so if the power is lost in your area, you will also lose your cell phone.  Cities will use commercial AM radio channels to broadcast information.  IE,  Va. Beach will use and strengthen its emergency AM 1680 radio signal and broadcast updated information as the storm advances.


Community Roster    Having a completed and current roster of your residents, email listing, knowing who has left and to where, points of contact, and those skills that each of our residents can provide is critical to the community working concept.  Central information distribution and organization is essential to maximize everyone’s efforts.  Roster information sheets should be developed having two sections, one for community public information and one section for private “Needs to Know Only/Next of Kin” information in case of injury, death, etc.  This is strictly voluntary, but will assist in case of significant damage to a property.  It would be a tragedy for neighbors to endanger themselves to rescue a family whose house has been destroyed, only to find that the family has left.


Utility Shutoff’s  Know locations for water main shutoff (tool required to close), hot water heater inflow valve, fuse panel, master electrical breaker, and gas line valve( Note: If you close the gas line, a certified tech will need to restart your pilot lights) .  Your decision will be as to if and when to shut off these valves. After the storm, damage, mud and debris may obscure the valve locations.


Access/Entry Control/Curfew/Security   After a major disaster, a community would have to rely on internally established controls to maintain security.  The complexity of this problem would be determined by the extent of damage to the area, the conditions in the surrounding areas, and the time duration before stability could be reestablished. Conditions could run the entire spectrum from calm to chaos.  No one can force you to leave your residence before a storm, but under Governor’s orders, you can be prevented under threat of arrest from re-entering your neighborhood.  You must prevent innocent people from being shot, while preventing undesirables from looting damaged homes.  If you remain behind, your community will have to establish procedures to identify those who belong in the area and those who do not. In most states, carrying a concealed weapon without a permit is a felony, while carrying a weapon in the open, called “open carry” is legal in Virginia and 10 other states.  The U.S. Supreme Court recently ruled upholding the individual’s Amendment II rights to keep and bear arms.  You have the right to protect yourself and property but if you are not trained or have no experience with weapons, defer to those who have the requisite training and experience.


Sanitation. With the loss of city electrical power, water and sewage service will be jeopardized.  To prevent the spread of disease, residents will have to provide containerable means to collect, control, disinfect, and properly dispose of waste in a centralized location. The collection area for disposal of dead animals should be provided. 


 Boat Securing.  Be prepared to properly secure your boat with enough lines, bumpers, and chafe guards.  Residents with larger boats will want to locate to other safer waters, while some residents will chose to secure their boat in the middle of the canal.  At some point, all canal traffic will be stopped and the canals will be closed.  Plan early.  For those securing boats, remember that the storm surge will raise the water level significantly, so secure your boat as necessary.  Use fenders, bumpers, and chafe guards.



Area Shelters   The city will open and operate emergency shelters when a Category 1 or greater hurricane is expected to impact our area.  The city will probably order an evacuation of areas affected by a Category 2 or greater hurricane. When evacuating to an area shelter, REMEMBER:         

1.      no pets allowed

2.      bring own bedding

3.      bring water and food

4.      medicines and prescriptions

5.      change of clothing

6.      toiletries and personal items

7.      personal identification (to get back into your neighborhood)

8.      games, activities, books, etc

9.      no smoking, alcohol

10.  no weapons

11.  do not go to the shelter until it is announced open

12.  eat well before going to shelter

13.  bring important paperwork/records file

Note:  Security will be provided by area sheriff’s department.  All bags will be checked.



Advanced Hurricane Preparations


Do a visual survey and inventory of your house and property to determine the following:

1.      amount of plywood required to cover and protect windows, doors       

2.      area to store lawn furniture and equipment

3.      tree limbs that threaten roof areas (should not be within 6 feet of the house)

4.      location of water main/gas line shutoff valves

5.      water heater inline valve shutoff location

6.      method/hardware to secure garage door from blow in/out

7.      Visually document (pictures/video) all interior rooms, furnishing, ceilings and fixtures.  Locate house plans if available.

8.      collect containers to support each family member’s needs for a 4 week period, water, food, fuel, waste, repairs, supplies, clothing,  protection

9.      collect tarps/wood and similar items to repair screening, roof, walls, windows

10.  hand tools and battery powered tools

11.  hand pump sprayer for 10% Clorox wash down of walls and floors

12.  suitable area for storage of combustibles/fuel/propane/cooker

13.  locate and label (colored dot, etc) all critical files to be removed quickly

14.  determine the amount of zip lock type file protectors (1/2 gallon, 1 gallon, etc.), large plastic garbage bags for collection/disposal

15.  quantity of large 5 gallon containers for collection and storage

16.  quantity of small, medium, large coolers for storage

17.  outdoor cooking equipment and fuel supplies as needed

18.  emergency house kit; flashlights, batteries, radio, fire extinguisher, space blankets, first aid kits, matches

19.  outside emergency kits; rope, ax, come-along, chain saw, bow-saw, hammer, double headed nails, roofing nails, sheetrock screws, duct tape

20.  insect repellant

21.  Clorox bleach disinfectant (collect 5-10 gallons)

22.  plastic gloves, good work gloves

23.  dust masks, surgical masks, surgical gloves

24.  eye protection (needed during cleanup)

25.  Clear out attic of unwanted items

26.  Clear out garage and shed of unwanted items

27.  Source of fuel for heating food

Hurricane Warning Stages


Danger.  Driving a vehicle with material on top or a camper/van type vehicle is very difficult in winds above 35 MPH and almost impossible at winds above 45 MPH.  Most highways and tunnels will be shutdown at the onset of TROPICAL FORCE Winds, 39 MPH.  All emergency vehicles and work crews will be recalled before winds exceed 50 MPH.



Develop a prioritized checklist for what to buy, and what has to be done as the storm approaches. If time is restricted, buy only the most essential items.

Refuel car and emergency generator supply

Verify emergency food and water supplies

Civic members, update Residents list/Emails/POC’s/NOK/Skills listings

Sterilize plastic containers for water storage

Place containers/plastic bottles ¾‘s filled (not milk type) in freezer for block ice

Recharge deep-cycle battery

Recharge tool batteries

Verify food/water supplies and amount needed

Clorox disinfectant/sprayer

Purchase priority items

ATM cash/Coins (rolls of quarters)

Medical needs/prescriptions refilled

Assist neighbors

Check trees for potential house contacts

Locate water shutoff wrench

Remove lawn and patio furniture

Locate emergency kits/medical/tool/tarps/battens/trash containers to central room

Remove/secure boat

Prepare to board up windows/doors/reinforce garage door

Remove trash and sterilize containers








Make plans to evacuate if impact potential exists.  Select routes and alternate. Identify needed supplies if evacuating.  Be able to evacuate no later than 48 hours before the ONSET OF TROPICAL FORCE WINDS!  This could be 24 hours before a TROPICAL STORM WATCH IS SET (36 HOURS BEFORE SUSTAINED 39 MPH WINDS).  EXECUTE YOUR PLAN NOW. To delay leaving the area jeopardizes your safety.  Load your vehicle with your emergency supplies/documents/ sanitary/first aid items starting with the critical items first, then essentials items, then comfort items as space is available.  Consider evacuating to area shelter if routes are becoming or expected to be flooded, gridlocked or blocked before you could reach a safe area.


Note Following Established Weather Center Guidelines




YOUR Guidelines


Reconsider decision to stay or to evacuate.

Board up most of house, windows, doors and garage door.

Buy last minute supplies as needed

Pull designated Quick Pull Files, seal and protect in zip bags

Move interior furniture to middle of rooms

Roll carpets and place above floor level

Backup computer files, protect and store separately

Reinforce garage door

Cover and protect electrical appliances/computers

Protect valuables/keepsakes/photos

Assist neighbors

Do last minute wash/dry of laundry



If evacuating

Turn off INDIVUAL CIRCUIT BREAKERS for water heater, A/C and house lighting circuits.  Decide about refrigerator/freezer power shutoff and food cleanout. 

Close street side main water line valve to house

Turn off gas line to house 

Unplug all non-essential electrical equipment

If it looks like storm surge will affect your house, turn off electrical main power switch at breaker box.


Slightly open windows that are plywood protected to enable house pressure equalization during storm. Ensure adequate attic ventilation




Coordinate plans with remaining neighbors/civic association leaders

Remove boat battery for useful power source in house

Secure boat

Finish boarding up house, doors, and garage door

Assist neighbors

Leave POC/NOK information sheet in protected holder in visible location

Email/Give neighbors /distant friends/relatives your intentions

Move essential supplies/tools/food/water/First Aid kit/radio/TV to center room

Document your preparations inside/outside with pictures/video or both. 







Consider if staying

Close street side main water valve to house

Turn off gas line to house if in doubt

Slightly open windows that are plywood protected on each side of your house to enable pressure equalization during storm. Ensure adequate attic ventilization




Store drinking water in containers.  Each person requires 1 gallon per day drinking alone. Verify food supply and emergency kits accessible in house. Monitor TV/city’s emergency AM radio channel for latest information




Beware of the eye of the storm. The hurricane’s winds will quickly drop, a calm will exist for a short amount of time (20-30 minutes) and then the winds will rapidly increase from the opposite direction. Consider ALL downed electrical lines LIVE and do not assume that just because the power is out at your house that the power lines are dead in the adjacent areas.  Make only emergency repairs to your residence with extreme caution. Beware of dangling tree limbs especially when clearing roof areas.  Do not drive thru standing water unless life/death matter.  Beware of open manholes or washouts.  A rapid water flow 6” deep can sweep a person off their feet.




Post Storm



Neighbor assist neighbor.  If assistance is needed, communicate with association member, rep, or place a colored cloth on front door or in window:

            RED-  Emergency medical or injury ONLY

            WHITE-  NON-life threatening emergency but assistance needed






1.      If needed, boil water 10 minutes

2.      or, filter water thru clean multilayered cloth, then add 8 drops of 2% Clorox solution per gallon.  Bleach should be 4-6% solution sodium hydrochloride, NO ADDITIVES (Clorox regular type only).  Stir, and then let water stand 20 minutes.

3.      Or, add 20 drops to clear rain water/40 drops to cloudy rain water.  Stir and let stand 20 minutes.

4.      Consider the health hazards that would be associated with indiscriminate dumping of household biological waste or spoiled food.  Each resident is responsible to properly collect in a plastic, covered container, disinfect (lime/disinfectant) and properly dispose of waste.  Your civic association will set up specific procedures and location to accomplish.  



To prevent and limit mold from forming and contaminating the structure, quickly remove all wet carpeting, padding and rugs. Ensure NO Electrical house circuits are powered, then with a saw or emergency powered circular saw, cut and remove wet drywall and insulation material.  Wear gloves, mask and protective clothing before attempting. Once wallboard becomes wet, it is almost impossible to prevent mold from forming.  Water damaged wallboard would have to be removed anyway due to the loss of its structural strength.  If thermal insulation in walls or subflooring or attic is wet, it will have to be removed, and placed in sealed plastic bags. Once all wet material has been removed, spray wet floors, walls, and ceilings with 9:1 ratio water to Clorox solution. Ventilate structure to dry out.




Animals.  Large areas will probably be flooded. Pets and wild animals will be displaced.  Watch for potential threats.


Plants.  Oleander branches may look like a convenient stick to use for roasting hotdogs, or marshmallows, but it is highly poisonous.  Identify these bushes in your area and avoid.


Charcoal.  Smoke from charcoal fire is highly toxic with carbon monoxide when in a confined area. Carbon monoxide is odorless and kills very quickly.  Do not use charcoal fires inside of a confined area or upwind of people nearby.


Portable Generators.  Do not place a portable generator in garage or near living space as gasoline motors produce deadly toxic fumes.  Keep generator in well ventilated area.  Do not refill tank with engine operating or when hot.





Hurricane Supply List


            Note: Emergency supplies and lists.  As part of your preparation at the beginning of the hurricane season, look at what you have accumulated previously.  You should view your supplies in THREE LEVELS:

Life Critical items (food, water, medicine, gasoline if evacuating, tire repair bottles, flashlight, batteries, battery powered radio, etc.)

Important items (shelter, clothing, hygiene items, important papers, documentation, social security card, passport, money, flashlights, batteries, etc.)

Comfort items (insect repellant, bug spray, chairs, cards, stove, metal coffee pot, ground pad, tent, etc.)

If evacuating, you would place the Life Critical items in your car first, then many important items as space would provide, and then if there was space available, some comfort items.


Grocery Store type items

Food items Non-perishable/MRE’s (4 weeks worth/person)

Plastic water containers (1 gallon per day per person for drinking minimum)

Bottled water

Aluminum foil

Closable plastic bags (i.e. Zip lock type 1 qt, 2 qt, 1 gal)

Plastic forks/spoons/knives

Clorox-type non-additive liquid bleach

Candles (dangerous if not closely monitored)

Waterproof Matches/lighters

Pet food/supplies

Medical needs (prescriptions)

Plastic heavy duty trash bags

Personal hygiene items/ 1 gal paint can with lid/plastic bag liners (grocery type)

Baby wipes (saves a lot of water, easy disposal)

First aid kit

Insect spray and repellant

Benadryl type anti-itch insect spray

Anti-diarrhea tablets (Imodium –D/water quality may be suspect)

Anti-bacterial wipes

Waterless Hand cleaner

Poison ivy spray

Nail puncture wound treatment (Bactitracin)


Hardware store Items

Flashlights (LED- type new technology best)

Plastic tarps/sheeting to cover furniture

Double headed construction nails

Wooden strips for repair battens (repair windows/walls/doors/roof)

Heavy rope (secure boat, move tree limbs)

Plywood CDX (5/8 -3/4 inch) cover doors/windows/make repairs

Tapcon concrete anchors 3/16 x 1-1/2” to secure plywood to doors/windows

Lag bolts/lugs/strong tie plates/ 4x4 wood to secure garage door

2x4 studs (garage door reinforcement/repairs as needed)

Batteries (AA, AAA, D cell type)

30 gallon covered plastic containers for non-potable water container

5 gallon covered plastic containers (storage and sanitation)

½ gallon/ 1.5 liter plastic bottle containers (put in freezer to make block ice)

Note:  Leave space for ice expansion in bottle, not milk bottle

Duct tape

Window screening

Drywall screws

Roofing nails

Plastic disposable gloves

Heavy duty plastic gloves

Work gloves

Come-along to move heavy limbs

3 in 1 oil (seals in Coleman grills/lights dry out)

Lime/Disinfectant (for sanitation)

Bow type Hand-saw

Circular saw (battery powered)

Waterproof markers

Yard sale colored stickers to label Quick Pull Files

Stainless steel wire

Waterproof portable file containers

2 Fix-a-Flat aerosol cans for car

Crowbar /pry bar 24-36’’



Sporting Goods Items

Water filter hand pump/SteriPen UV purifier

Charcoal water filter container (like Brita)

Snake shot

Suitable ammunition as required

Screened enclosure/tent

Ground sleeping pad

Multi-tool/Swiss Army style knife


Clothing storage bags

Camp stove

Camp stove fuel

Propane camp fuel

Coffee pot

12 volt DC deep cycle boat battery/wiring/switch/light sockets for illumination

Whistles (signaling devices)

Marine radio

Bicycle helmet (good protection from flying debris)

Safety goggles (driving rain and debris hurts and prevents injury)

Large coolers (2), 1 for ice and 1 for food.

Battery powered black and white TV

First Aid Kit

First Aid book

Rain ponchos

Thick soled boots/hiking boots for walking over debris